Inthe clergymen of Poitou asked Richelieu to be one of their representatives to the States-General. His doctors continued to bleed him frequently, further weakening him.
Early life[ edit ] Born in Paris, Armand du Plessis was the fourth of five children and the last of three sons: Foreign policy Richelieu wanted France to become the leading power in Europe. Richelieu is one of the clergymen most frequently portrayed in film, notably in the many versions of Alexandre Dumas 's The Three Musketeers.
Habsburg Spain exploited the French conflict with the Huguenots to extend its influence in northern Italy. His nephew, Louis-Philippe Armez, inherited it and also occasionally exhibited it and lent it out for study.
He has given his name to a battleship and a battleship class. In spite of these conflicts, Richelieu remained orthodox in his views on the relationship between church and state and resisted the Gallican challenge to the absolutism of papal authority. Later, Richelieu often used him as an agent during diplomatic negotiations.
Thus, in spite of financial difficulties and the expenses of a large family another son, who became a monk, and four daughtersthe Mazzarinos were able to send Giulio to the Jesuit school in Rome, where he was an excellent student.
He made it clear that he was loyal to the king. See Article History Alternative Titles: His father, Pietro, was a Romanized Sicilian in the household of the constable Filippo I Colonna; his mother, Ortensia Bufalini, of a noble Tuscan family, was related to the Colonna house by marriage.
Yet according to the standards of the age, his administration of justice did not depart from the moral principles that he believed to underlie all government.
Before that can happen, however, the King's guards have something to say about that. Their brilliant victories over the Spanish and imperial troops helped bring about the Peace of Westphalia Octobera general European settlement that established peace in Germany.
The heavily resurfaced and restored Richelieu Bacchus continued to be admired by neoclassical artists.
The clergy, nobility, and high bourgeoisie were either exempt or could easily avoid payment, so the burden fell on the poorest segment of the nation. Richelieu, however, responded aggressively; after La Rochelle capitulated, he personally led the French army to northern Italy to restrain Spain.
The Cardinal, meanwhile, hopes to reach an agreement with England's Duke of Buckingham to bring their two countries together under their power.
Weyman's swashbuckling novel of the same title. The gravest divisive factor in French society was religion. To further consolidate power in France, Richelieu sought to suppress the influence of the feudal nobility.
At one point, the Cardinal himself pulls out a gun and shoots Aramis, allowing for an escape attempt. Whereas he was early influenced by the theories of the economist Antoine de Montchrestien, who argued for economic self-sufficiency so as to conserve specie, he was later persuaded that the drain of specie could be compensated for by trade.
Cardinal Richelieu and the Making of France. He laid the foundations for the French navy by buying ships from the Dutch, and, though he failed to have much influence on seapower, he developed shipping connections with the Baltic. Richelieu agreed with them up to a point, taking over the Huguenot city of La Rochelle, France, and cooperating on a program of reforms.
Spain was meanwhile seeking papal approval for a universal monarchy. The prospect of a career in the church was not displeasing to the thin, pale, and at times sickly boy, for he had an inclination toward learning, a facility for debate, and a relish for the prospect of governing the lives of others.
Some of Louis XIII's advisers believed that Richelieu would be a calming influence on the king's mother, so the king recalled him in March and ordered him to resume serving her. English: Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu, Cardinal-Duc de Richelieu (September 9, – December 4, ), was a French clergyman, noble, and statesman.
Cardinal Richelieu Biography Armand Jean du Plessis, commonly known as Cardinal Richelieu, was a French noble, statesman and clergyman. This biography of Cardinal Richelieu profiles his childhood, life, career, achievements and thesanfranista.com Of Birth: Paris.
Jules, Cardinal Mazarin: Jules, Cardinal Mazarin, first minister of France after Cardinal de Richelieu’s death in During the early years of King Louis XIV, he completed Richelieu’s work of establishing France’s supremacy among the European powers and crippling the opposition to the power of the monarchy at home.
Born. Jul 10, · Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu and Fronsac (French pronunciation: ; 9 September – 4 December ), commonly referred to as Cardinal Richelieu (French: Cardinal de Richelieu), was a French clergyman, nobleman, and statesman.
Armand-Jean du Plessis, cardinal et duc de Richelieu: Armand-Jean du Plessis, cardinal et duc de Richelieu, chief minister to King Louis XIII of France from to His major goals were the establishment of royal absolutism in France and the end of Spanish-Habsburg hegemony in Europe.
French cardinal and statesman.
Written By: Daniel. Cardinal Richelieu - French Cardinal: French statesman and first minister of France (), born in Richelieu, France.
A protégé of the queen mother, Marie de Medici, he became minister of state inA biography of richelieu a french cardinal and statesman